Publisher: © 1949 Harcourt, Brace & Co., USA, New York.
Advance Review Copy
NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR was published in 1949 by Secker & Warburg. States “First published 1949”. Binding Green calico, top edge purple. Jacket is red with white lettering and with wraparound band, Evening Standard “Book of the Month”. Front flap has price of 10s. Net. 25,575 printed. There is a less preferred green jacket. The first paperback edition was published by Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, in 1954. Since then it has been reprinted in the Penguin edition twenty-six times (and today is January 07, 2002).
By Daniel J. Leab:
The American edition was set separately from a copy of Orwell's manuscript. Orwell in the proof stage caught some of the changes made by Harcourt's editors, but there are differences between the original American and British editions. Another problem arose from Harcourt's wooing of the Book-of-the-Month Club. Initially the club agreed to accept the Orwell book only on deletion of some of the more political and theoretical parts of the novel, such as the Appendix on “The Principles of Newspeak” — the substitute for “Old Speak (or Standard English, as we should call it)” whose implementation Orwell explained was “designed to diminish the range of thought”. Orwell refused to delete anything and after some brief hesitation the Club agreed to accept the Orwell book as a monthly selection.
Visit ‘The Daniel J. Leab Collection Of Books And Manuscripts By And About George Orwell’:
URI: http://www.brown.edu/ ... /leab.html