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George Orwell

Nineteen Eighty-Four

Publisher: © 1990 Penguin Books, GB, Essex, Harlow.

Copyright: © 1949 by Eric Blair.

This edition Copyright: © 1987 of the estate of the late Sonia Brownell Orwell.

Cover illustration: by Christopher Corr.

First published: © 1949 by Martin Secker and Warburg Ltd.

Uniform Edition first published: © 1950 by Martin Secker and Warburg Ltd.

Published in Penguin Books: © 1954.

This text first published: © 1987 by Martin Secker and Warburg Ltd in the Complete Works of George Orwell series.

This text in Penguin Books: © 1989 with an introduction and a new Note on the Text. Reprinted in this edition 1990.

Notes on the Text copyright: © 1989 Peter Davison. All rights reserved.

Printed: in England by Clays Ltd, St Ives plc. Filmset in Monophoto Bembo.

OCR: Mikhail V. Chernyshev; E-Mail:


Nineteen Eighty-Four
George Orwell
A Note on the Text
by Peter Davison
by Penguin Books